"The Family Welfare Programme in India is recognised as a priority area, and is being implemented as a 100% Centrally sponsored programme. As per Constitution of India, Family Planning is in the Concurrent list. The approach under the programme during the First and Second Five Year Plans was mainly "Clinical" under which facilities for provision of services were created. However, on the basis of data brought out by the 1961 census, clinical approach adopted in the first two plans was replaced by "Extension and Education Approach" which envisaged expansion of services facilities along with spread of message of small family norm.
The National Family Welfare Programme is being implemented in Tamil Nadu since 1956 purely on voluntary basis. It is viewed and implemented as people's programme aimed to raise the Standard of living of the people and improve the Maternal and Child Health and thereby reduce population growth. Tamil Nadu now follows the "Community Needs Assessment Approach" to implement the Family Welfare And Maternity Child Health programmes in the State.